Marine

Marine Mammal Parasite of the Month- October 2021 Reply – Nationwide Marine Life Heart


This parasite is Braunina cordiformis! Keep in mind final time how we mentioned it was coronary heart formed? Nicely, cordiform means coronary heart formed, so its scientific identify is definitely based mostly on its form! This parasite is the one species within the household Brauninidae and is discovered within the fundic (foremost) and pyloric stomachs and duodenal ampullae. It’s thought that the membrane like construction surrounding the physique of the parasite protects the parasite from the acidic nature of the abdomen. These flukes connect to the mucous membrane within the abdomen in bottlenose dolphins. They trigger injury by pulling on the gastric wall and inflicting the connective tissue beneath to stay out, damaging the the wall’s tissue and the cells within the mucous layer and inflicting continual gastritis. Nevertheless, the extent of injury is unknown and there seems to be little or no different damaging results.

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Posted by fall intern, Adrienne V-H.

References

Dans, S. L., Reyes, L. M., Pedraza, S. N., Raga, J. A., & Crespo, E. A. (1999). Gastrointestinal helminths of the dusky dolphin, Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Grey, 1828), off Patagonia, within the Southwestern Atlantic. Marine Mammal Science, 15(3), 649-660.

Romero, M. A., Fernandez, M., Dans, S. L., Garcia, N. A., Gonzalez, R., & Crespo, E., A. (2014). Gastrointestinal parasites of bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncates from the intense southwestern Atlantic, with notes on weight loss plan composition. Illnesses of Aquatic Organisms, 108, 61-70.

Beron-Vera, B., Crespo, E. A., Raga, J. A., & Fernandez, M. (2007). Parasite communities of widespread dolphins (Delphinus delphis) from Patagonia: The relation with host distribution and weight loss plan and comparability with sympatric hosts. The Journal of Parasitology, 93(5), 1056-1060.

Melo, O. P., Ramos, R. M. A., & Di Beneditto, A. P. M. (2006). Helminths of the marine tucuxi, Sotalia fluviatilis (Gervais, 1853) (Cetacea: Delphinidae), in northern Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Expertise, 49(1), 145-148.

Beron-Vera, B. Pedraza, S. N., Raga, J. A., de Pertierra, A. G., Crespo, E. A., Alonso, M. Okay., & Goodall, R. N. P. (2001). Gastrointestinal helminths of Commerson’s dolphins Cephalorhynchus commersonii from central Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, 47, 201-208.

Hrabar, J., Bocina, I., Kurilj, A. G., Duras, M., & Mladineo, I. (2017). Gastric legions in dolphins stranded alongside the Jap Adriatic coast. Illnesses of Aquatic Organisms, 125, 125-139.

Lombardini, E., Haetrakul, T., Kuit, S. H., Chansue, N. (2019). Gastric Braunina cordiformis and a overview of helminth parasitism within the finless porpoise (Neophocaena phocaaenoides). Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Pathology, 12(1), 24-26.

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