Nature

Ramble Report November 18 2021


Chief for at the moment’s Ramble: Dale 

All of the photographs on this report are compliments of Don Hunter, except in any other case attributed. Here is the Hyperlink to Don’s Fb album for this Ramble

Quantity of Ramblers at the moment:  40
Immediately’s emphasis:  In search of what we discover on the Orange Path and Orange Path Spur
Studying:  Omitted as a result of time constraints

Present and Inform:

Kathy holding her Seminole pumpkin.

”       Kathy Stege introduced a Seminole pumpkin, presupposed to have originated in Florida.  The Seminoles traded with the Creeks and Cherokees and the Seminole pumpkin discovered its approach into Georgia. The flesh has a candy style and the seeds could be  roasted to make pepitas.  She additionally handed out seed packets to people who needed them.

Richard’s Climbing Milkweed seed pod.
The seds are black;
the white fluff the parachutes that enable the wind to hold the seeds away.

”       Richard introduced a Climbing Milkweed seed pod.  The pod had break up open and the seeds, with their silky white “parachutes,” regarded identical to bizarre milkweed seedpods, besides that they had wing-like ridges that give it another frequent identify: Jap Anglepod.

Germinating White Oak acorn
The white and brown construction is the primary root.

”       Dale introduced a plastic cup with sprouting White Oak acorns. The acorns had germinated three weeks in the past and the rootlet was already about 2 ½ inches lengthy.
”       Jim instructed us about his expertise with a Blue Jay he noticed with an acorn. It landed close by and Jim watched rigorously because the jay buried the acorn within the leaf litter. Jim waited till the jay flew off after which walked over to the spot the place the acorn was buried. However he could not discover it, regardless of how he searched.
”       This prompted Dale to recall a examine about Blue Jay seed storage habits. When a jay with an acorn is being noticed by one other jay, it’s going to carry out a “sham burial” after which fly off with the acorn to a different location the place it may bury the acorn with out being noticed.
”       Richard instructed us that amongst indigenous peoples, white oak acorns have been probably the most prized for consuming.   He additionally
quoted an historic Roman aphorism.  


Bulletins

Don instructed us in regards to the partial, however practically complete,  eclipse of the moon starting at 1:00 a.m., November 19, and reaching its maximal extent about 4:00 a.m.
 

Dr. Sher Ali’s e book is on the market for a contribution to the Al Huda Islamic Middle of Athens.

Eve is leaving us.
Bon Voyage!

Eve, a daily Rambler during the last a number of years, introduced that she is leaving Athens and transferring to Hilton Head, SC. 

 

Immediately’s Route:   We left the Pergola and headed in direction of the Heritage Backyard utilizing the sidewalk between the brand new museum and the Customer Middle.  We made our approach to the Orange Path Spur by taking the trail between the Rose beds and the Flower Backyard.  We took the Orange Path Spur all the way down to the Orange Path.  After crossing the Bridge we turned left and took the Orange Path as much as the car parking zone the place we mingled a bit earlier than breaking off the Ramble for the morning.

OBSERVATIONS:

Witch Hazel

 

Witch Hazel flowering

Witch Hazel flower clusters

Witch-hazel
is now in superb bloom close to the doorway to the Youngsters’s Backyard. Every
flower has 4 strap-shaped yellow petals. The flowers are open from fall
by way of December they usually produce nectar and sticky pollen, suggesting that
they’re anticipating to be pollinated by bugs.  However what bugs? Right here within the south now we have heat days throughout November and December, however most bugs have retired for the winter or are deceased. Within the north, nicely you realize what that’s like. Bernd Heinrich, in his e book, Winter World, suggests as pollinators a bunch of moths referred to as winter moths. They emerge in winter and have the flexibility to lift their physique temperature by shivering their flight muscle groups. This allows them to fly when it’s too chilly for different bugs.

Go to this web site for a beautiful picture essay that illustrates most of what’s recognized about Witch Hazel.

Sourwood

Sourwood tree (proper heart) with rosy-pink foliage.
On the fitting, a Rambler leans towards a Northern Crimson Oak trunk.

 

Sourwood and Black Gum lead the fall tree coloration change in our space. Sourwood could be recognized by its twisty trunk that appears to have been bent in a number of completely different instructions. You will additionally discover the leaves have a bitter style, as confirmed by Karen Porter at the moment. The bark turns into extra deeply furrowed with age.

The leaves are about twice so long as huge.

 

Wanting towards the highest of the tree you possibly can see the stays of the flower stalks. They appear to be Lily of the Valley, with out the blossoms.

Sourwood seed pods, all that’s left of the flower stalk.


Chalk Maple

Chalk Maple leaf

One approach to determine Chalk Maple is the form of the central lobe. The lobe’s base is wider than the remainder of the lobe, transferring towards the tip. The tree additionally normally has a number of stems (trunks).

Hook Moss rising on Chalk Maple.
It additionally grows on Musclewood.
 


Pear-shaped Puffbal
l

Pear-shaped Puffballs

 Most puffballs are discovered rising on grassy soils, however these Pear-shaped Puffballs are related to decaying wooden, suggesting that they’ve a job in rotting it. Because the puffball ages the inside transforms right into a mass of spores whereas the outside thins and turns into versatile. A gap seems on the prime and the puffball is able to puff. A faucet from a human finger, or a falling rain drop will trigger a cloud of 1000’s of spore to be “puffed” out and carried away by the gentlest of breezes. The luckiest will land on a chunk of lifeless wooden and germinate, forming a mycelium that digests (rots) the wooden.

Oyster mushroom

Oyster mushroom is one other wooden rotter that may be a favourite edible mushroom. It may be grown at house on a bag of sawdust. Google “rising oyster mushrooms at house” and you will find a wealth of knowledge.

Spherical-lobed Hepatica

Spherical-lobed Hepatica. We all the time cease on the bridge that goes over the Orange Path creek to the Flower Backyard to test on the Hepatica that grows nest to the west finish of the bridge. The unique chief of the Nature Ramblers, Hugh Nourse, all the time checked on this plant to see when it first bloomed. The Nourses moved to St. Louis 5 years in the past and are drastically missed. We have informally named this plant “Hughpatica” in his honor.
Though Hepatica is commonly referred to as a spring ephemeral it actually is not ephemeral. A real spring ephemeral seems in spring, flowers, units and disperses seed, after which the above floor elements wither and die, leaving solely the beneath floor storage organs, the corms, bulbs, rhizomes, and many others. There isn’t a proof of the plant above floor till the next spring.

Wild Ginger

Wild Ginger, like Hepatica, produces new leaves in fall, benefiting from the open cover in the course of the winter. It does not bloom as early as Hepatica, which is understood to bloom in early January right here within the backyard. Wild Ginger

blooms later in spring, from April to Might.

Wild Ginger is a member of the birthwort household, Aristolochaceae. Like different birthworts, it accommodates aristolochic acid, a toxic compound. This poison is acquired by the caterpillars of the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly. The poison is handed from the caterpillar to the butterfly, making it distasteful to predators. Some botanical sources listing Wild Ginger as a meals plant for the Pipevine Swallowtail, however the butterfly literature does not help this declare. Subsequent spring we ought to be looking out for caterpillars to see who’s right.

 

 

False Turkey Tail

False Turkey Tail is a standard wooden rotting mushroom discovered on many of the downed wooden that we see within the backyard. It may be distinguished from the “true” Turkey Tail mushroom by having pores on its undersurface. Turkey Tail mushrooms seem to have a clean undersurface.

Bulbous Honey Fungus  

Multicolor Gill Polypore, higher floor

Multicolor Gill Polypore, decrease floor, exhibiting gills.

Multicolor Gill Polypore looks as if an oxymoron. How can a polypore have gills? Evidently trendy DNA proof reveals that this fungus is intently associated to the polypore mushrooms and never the gilled mushrooms.

Aborted Entoloma
(AKA Shrimp-of-the-Woods)

Aborted Entoloma is a mushroom that may be both a wooden rotter or a parasite of different mushrooms, generally on Honey mushrooms, Armillaria sp. However there’s a twist. The armillaria mushrooms can parasitize dwelling timber, thus making the entoloma a predator of a parassite. The next two hyperlinks current among the proof that led to the invention of this parasitic relationship.
https://www.mushroomexpert.com/entoloma_abortivum.html
https://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/sep2006.html

Gall of Wool-bearing Gall Wasp
(on White Oak leaf)

Wool-bearing Gall Wasp. Tom Shelton discovered the gall of a Wool-bearing Gall Wasp on the undersurface of a fallen White Oak leaf. The spherical gall was hooked up to the leaf mid vein and was about ¼ inch in diameter and had a fuzzy, mild brown texture and coloration. This gall is brought on by a tiny wasp within the household Cynipidae. The feminine cynipid wasp may be very tiny and inserts an egg into the plant tissue, normally in a species-specific location. When the egg hatches the larva begins to feed on the plant tissues and the plant reacts to this disturbance by producing the gall – an irregular development of plant tissue. The thriller is that almost all galls are species particular in appearence – the identical wasp species produces the identical form, texture and coloration gall on all timber of the identical species. How this happens is unknown. In the meantime, the larva feeds on the gall tissue and grows, molting its exoskeleton a number of occasions. Lastly it pupates contained in the gall and, within the following spring, the brand new wasp emerges from its pupa and chews its approach out of the gall, seeks a mate and the cycle is repeated.

SUMMARY OF OBSERVED SPECIES:


American Witch-hazel            Hamamelis virginiana
Paper Bush                            Edgeworthia sp.
Pineapple Sage                     Salvia elegans
Sourwood Tree                      Oxydendrum arboretum
American Beech                    Fagus grandifolia
Beech Drops                          Epifagus virginiana
Chalk Maple                           Acer leucoderme
Hook Moss                             Leucodon sp.
Pear-shaped Puffball             Apioperdon pyriforme
Oyster Mushroom                  Pleurotus ostreatus

Wild Ginger                            Asarum canadense
Spherical-lobed Hepatica           Anemone americana
                                               (=  Hepatica americana)
Golden Reishi                        Ganoderma curtisii
Globose Button Snail (?)        Mesomphix globosus
Broad Beech Fern                  Phegopteris hexagonoptera
False Turkey Tail                    Stereum lobatum
Honey Mushroom                   Armillaria gallica
Multicolor Gill Polypore          Trametes betulina
Aborted Entoloma                 
Entoloma abortivum 

Shrimp-of-the-woods             
Wool-bearing Gall wasp        Andricus quercuslanigera 



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