Nature

Ramble Report September 2 2021


 
Chief for immediately’s Ramble: Linda, Emily
Hyperlink to Don’s Fb album for this Ramble, All of the images on this submit are compliments of Don Hunter, except in any other case credited.
Variety of Ramblers immediately: 28
Studying:  Emily learn the entry for September sixth in Donald Culross Peattie’s “An Almanac for Moderns”.

   ACR0SS the boggy little bit of meadow, and over the garden rolling gently to the water’s edge, each blade of grass, each inch of area, is roofed with a fall of gossamer. It’s like the froth upon the ocean, just like the spray within the air from a mountain waterfall. Hundreds of thousands and tens of millions of threads finer than silk gleam with tens of millions of dew drops like spangles. These are the looms, it was believed in older, easier days, the place are woven the sheer material with which fairy girls dress their tiny seductive our bodies.
   Why is it {that a} fall of gossamer is nearly at all times seen in autumn? The perfect authorities appear agreed that on the flip of the yr the spider inhabitants, like virtually all of the animal folks, reaches its peak. The second comes when every species has bred and reared, and each inch of its atmosphere is stuffed. At such occasions butterflies, locusts, crows, grackles, lemmings and spiders too are moved by some interior emotion that makes them want to see the world. This isn’t a lot a migration with any fastened purpose, however a common exodus, preceded by a swarming. From each bush and blade and gap the spiders sail off upon a thread spun out of themselves. They launch themselves upon a course that’s mild as air, fluid as liquid, evanescent as a thought.
   There isn’t any proof that the spiders will arrive anyplace save at that bourne the place we should all arrive. They have to die within the frost and the lake; they have to starve in some alien meadow, half a copse away from house. [bourne = destination]

Present and Inform:

Richard’s skeletonized American Elm leaf.

Richard introduced some skeletonized American Elm leaves, questioning what causes this sort of harm. The oldsters at Colorado State College Extension Service inform us that “Elm leaf beetles (Xanthogaleruca luteola) are widespread bugs that chew leaves of elm timber. The darkish grub-like larvae chew on the underside of leaves however keep away from the bigger leaf veins, producing a kind of harm sample often known as skeletonizing. Leaves broken by elm leaf beetle larvae look lacy, flip brown and will prematurely drop from the tree.” https://extension.colostate.edu/topic-areas/bugs/elm-leaf-beetles-5-521-2/


Anne shared a bough from a Candy Shrub, with dried fruit.


Bulletins/Attention-grabbing Issues to Word:

Georgia Audubon Society is having a local plant sale
https://www.georgiaaudubon.org/plant-sales.html


A number of Ramblers shared discover of availability of Pfizer and Moderna vaccine boosters at a number of native pharmacies, together with CVS and Hawthorne Medication.  Some require you be immune-comprimised, others could require you to attend the present guideline of 8 months after the second shot.


In the present day’s Route:   We took the mulched path (White Path Spur) beneath the Youngsters’s Backyard and headed right down to the ROW.  We turned proper on the ROW up in the direction of the highway, then reversed, and adopted the ROW to the river.  Then again up the ROW to the highway, stopping on the Passionflower vines on the deer fence on the Dunson Backyard earlier than we returned, via the Shade Backyard, to the Customer Middle.

 

LIST OF OBSERVATIONS:

Pergola (aka: Arbor):

”       Sue identified a Yellow Mealworm Beetle larva that was transferring within the grout channels between the pink paver bricks.

White Path Spur:

Heather recognized an Orchard Orbweaver to the appropriate of the trail, holding station within the middle of its spherical orb. It differs from typical Orchard Orbweavers in a number of methods, although: Legs are banded, not stable coloration, the orb middle has seize threads, and the spider is sitting again up, not stomach up.

Golden-gilled Gerronema

Cranefly Orchid stalk with elegantly drooping fruits.

Cluster of Jack-in-the-Pulpit fruits.

”       The fallen stalk of Jack-in-the-Pulpit brings the fruits inside consuming distance of ground-dwelling birds akin to Wooden Thrush and Wild Turkey. Every fruit is about ¼ inch lengthy, and fleshy, full of seeds in the end excreted by birds. The remainder of the plant, particularly the underground elements, incorporates needle-like crystals of calcium oxalate that puncture the membranes of the mouth, throat, and digestive tract inflicting extreme ache and swelling. With such a protection system, how did this plant earn the alternate widespread title of Indian Turnip? Apparently, Native People discovered that cooking or drying the plant would break down the crystals and render them innocent.

Carrot-footed Lepidella

Carrot-footed Lepidella is sort of a “typical” amanita: a rounded, scaly cap and the bulbous foot rising from the leaf litter.

Oak-loving Gymnopus

Ringless Honey Fungus.

Easy Chanterelle mushroom

 

Southern Grape Fern with fertile frond rising nicely above the sterile frond.

ROW, together with brief part of in-the-open White Path Spur exiting the woods:

Tough-leaf Sunflower

Tough-leaf Sunflower, with its vivid yellow flower heads and sandpaper-rough leaves, led the parade of immediately’s right-of-way wildflowers.

White Crownbeard  

White Crownbeard, aka Frostweed, have grow to be extraordinarily plentiful within the right-of-way and located all through the right-of-way prairies from the floodplain to the highest of the ridge within the Elaine Nash Prairie Undertaking.

Tall Thistle

Tall Thistle raises its spiny heads above the encompassing vegetation. This native species is distinguished by its late summer season flowering time, reasonably spiny leaf margins, and white, decrease leaf floor. The invasive Musk Thistle, Carduus nutans, blooms in late spring and early summer season, has intensely spiny leaves, and inexperienced decrease leaf surfaces.

Cloudless Sulphur caterpillar on Senna flowers
Wikimedia Commons; File:Cloudless_Sulphur_Caterpillar_on_Cassia_Bloom.jpg

Maryland Wild Senna seed pods

Maryland Wild Senna flowers look amazingly just like the caterpillar of the Cloudless Large Sulphur Butterfly, Phoebis sennae, one of many butterflies that use this species as a larval host. The opposite coloration type of the caterpillar is inexperienced and appears like a senna seed pod. Or does the seed pod appear like the caterpillar?

Tall Ironweed    

Tall Ironweed, 12+ toes and with purple florets, is essentially the most glamorous of our late summer season wildflowers.

Yellow Crownbeard

Yellow Crownbeard flower heads at all times look raggedy and beat-up. Every head has 5 or fewer petal-like ray flowers surrounding the gathering of spreading disk flowers. Its leaves are reverse and, like different members of this genus, its stems are winged.

Carolina Horsenettle  

Carolina Horsenettle being buzz pollinated.

The yellow, banana-shaped anthers of Carolina Horsenettle are tipped with tiny pores. Native bees, particularly bumblebees, grasp the anther with their forelegs and quickly vibrate their thorax muscle mass, shaking the anther so fiercely that pollen emerges from the pore. A lot of the pollen is gathered into the bee’s pollen baskets however some is smeared onto the bee’s physique and, ideally, transferred to different flowers. “Buzz pollination” could seem to be an inefficient methodology of pollen dispersal, however this mechanism is present in a minimum of 60 completely different plant households world-wide. 

Wolf Spider

Heather collected a small Wolf Spider for us to have a look at, That pair of enormous eyes makes them glorious hunters, similar to their namesakes.

Spittlebug foam “nest”

Spittlebug foam plenty could possibly be seen nestled within the leaf axils of many various plant species all through the ROW. Every spittle drop conceals one spittlebug nymph. The nymph produces the spittle, a mix of air, plant sap and nymph poo.
Spittlebugs are associated to cicadas and aphids.

Spiny Amaranth

Spiny Amaranth (aka Spiny Pigweed) is native to tropical America, is a quickly spreading weed.

Japanese Tiger Swallowtail butterfly basking excessive in a Tall Ironweed plant.
False Nettle  

False Nettle flowers

As a member of the nettle household, Urticaceae, False Nettle is definitely a “true” nettle, however it lacks the stinging hairs. Its flowers and fruits are situated in small, spherical clusters strung like beads alongside stalks that come up from the bottom of leaf stalks.

Dodder

Dodder is a parasite-it lacks leaves and its stems are orange, with no chlorophyll with which to conduct photosynthesis. A Dodder plant begins out life rooted within the floor, however as soon as it reaches one other plant it severs the bottom connection and begins to twine round its new host. Then, by sinking root-like pegs, referred to as haustoria, into the stems of its host, Dodder extracts water, carbohydrates, and minerals. It flowers abundantly, producing white, five-lobed blooms in dense clusters.

Brief-winged Inexperienced Grasshopper

Heather collected a number of extra bugs for us to have a look at, together with a brief, stubby Brief-winged Inexperienced Grasshopper (above) and a small floor cricket Neonemobius sp. (beneath).

Small Floor Cricket

Reed Canary Grass seedhead

Reed Canary Grass joint

Reed Canary Grass, seen right here within the ROW for the primary time. It is a problematic species, invasive in lots of elements of the world. Genetic research point out that North American populations embrace some vegetation which are cultivars launched as ornamentals from Europe and a few vegetation which are native. It may possibly type big monocultures in wetlands.

guttation

This damp morning, leaves within the floodplain are glowing with dew in addition to moisture exuded from inside the plant from pores alongside leaf edges, a course of often known as guttation that’s pushed by a build-up of water stress within the physique of the plant.

Dotted Smartweed  

Dotted Smartweed, with small, white flowers rising alongside the size of the slender plant stems.  Shut examination with a 10x hand lens is required to see the “dots” – tiny pits or depressions within the floor of the flowers.

Chinese language Praying Mantis

Heather seen a big Chinese language Mantis within the tall vegetation near the sting of the ROW.

Blooming Passionflower vines taking part in host to Dodder.

Virginia Tiger Moth caterpillars might be fairly widespread within the ROW for
a lot of the remainder of the summer season, liking the sunflowers and wingstems.

Ramblers by the Canebreak

Chinese language Yam among the many canebreak.

Ramblers gathered below Tall Ironweed on the canebrake. We had been dismayed to search out that Chinese language Yam had invaded the canebrake, its aerial tubers a positive signal of infestation by this very invasive species. The tubers sprout roots and stems (the tiny buds could be seen on the tubers in Don’s picture) to type new vegetation. The vegetation additionally unfold by seed, forming dense thickets that finally smother different vegetation. It was launched to this nation as a meals and medicinal plant and was acknowledged as a pest plant within the mid-Nineties.

Widespread Wingstem flower heads

Widespread Wingstem (aka Alternate-leaved Wingstem) in flower. Its flower heads resemble these of Yellow Crownbeard which has reverse leaves. Patches of this plant are discovered all through the ROW.

American Groundnut  

An American Groundnut vine was additionally discovered twining round River Cane stems within the canebrake, its oddly coloured, two-tone flowers probably the most distinctive within the Bean Household. Each its beans and its tubers are edible and nutritious, and had been a staple amongst Native People in jap North America.

Small
White Morning Glory vines are all alongside the sides of the
ROW.
Different coloration variants, e.g.,purple or pink, are additionally discovered.

Floor Ivy

Floor Ivy thickly infests the sides of the ROW, particularly the newly disturbed floor alongside the paved ADA path.  Also called Gill-over-the-ground, it was imported by early settlers for use, as a hop substitute in brewing beer.

SUMMARY OF OBSERVED SPECIES:

Yellow Mealworm Beetle (larva)     Tenebrio molitor
Orchard Orbweaver     Leucauge venusta ??
Golden-gilled Gerronema     Gerronema strombodes
Carrot-footed Lepidella     Amanita deucipes
Cranefly Orchid (seed pods)     Tipularia discolor
Jack-in-the-pulpit     Arisaema triphyllum
Ebony Spleenwort     Asplenium platyneuron
Oak-loving Gymnopus     Gymnopus dryophilus
Ringless Honey Fungus     Desamirillaria tabescens
Southern Grape Fern     Botrychium biternatum (synonym Sceptridium biternatum)
Silverbell     Halesia tetraptera
Easy Chanterelle     Cantharellus lateritius
Tough Sunflower     Helianthus strumosus
White Crownbeard     Verbesina virginica
Tall Thistle     Cirsium altissimum
Maryland Wild Senna     Senna marilandica
Tall Ironweed     Vernonia gigantea
Yellow Crownbeard     Verbesina occidentalis
Carolina Horsenettle     Solanum carolinense
Widespread Japanese Bumble Bee     Bombus impatiens
Wolf Spider     Household Lycosidae
Virgins’s Bower Clematis     Clematis virginiana
Spittlebug (Nymph)     Superfamily Cercopoidea
Milkvine     Matelea or Gonolubs sp.
Spiny Amaranth   Amaranthus spinosus
Japanese Tiger Swallowtail     Papilio glaucus
False Nettle     Boehmeria cylindrica
Dodder     Cuscuta sp.
Brief-winged Inexperienced Grasshopper     Dichromorpha viridis
Small floor cricket     Neonemobius sp.
Reed Canary Grass Phalaris arundinacea
Multi-flora Rose     Rosa multifora
Dotted Smartweed     Persicaria punctata
Chinese language Mantis     Tenodera sinensis
Purple Passionflower     Passiflora incarnata
Yellow Backyard Spider     Argiope aurantia
Virginia Tiger Moth (caterpillar)     Spilosoma virginica
Chinese language Yam     Dioscorea polystachya
River Cane     Arundinaria gigantea
Widespread Wingstem     Verbesina alternifolia
American Groundnut     Apios americana
Small White Morning Glory     Ipomoea lacunosa
Floor Ivy     Glechoma hederacea

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